PaKMas: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas <table style="height: 50px; vertical-align: middle; border-bottom: 3px solid #ffffff; background-color: #9aff00; width: 100%; border: 0px solid black; box-shadow: 1px 1px 5px 2px;" border="0" width="100%" rules="none"> <tbody> <tr> <td width="180" height="100"><img src="https://journal.yp3a.org/public/site/images/romindo/homepageimage-en-us.jpg" alt="" width="230" height="326" /></td> <td> <table class="data" style="background-color: #9aff00;" border="0" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Journal Title</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">PaKMas</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Subjects</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Language</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">Indonesia and English</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>ISSN</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">2808-0920 (Electronic Media)</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Frequency</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">2 issues per year (May and November)</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>DOI</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://doi.org/10.54259/pakmas"><span style="color: #000000;">doi.org/10.54259/PaKMas</span></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Editor-in-chief</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">Romindo, M.Kom., CLMA</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Publisher</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">Yayasan Pendidikan Penelitian Pengabdian Algero</td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Citation Analysis</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%"><a href="https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?user=QGrrygYAAAAJ&amp;hl=id" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><span style="color: #000000;">Google Scholar</span></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="30%"><strong>Indexing</strong></td> <td>:</td> <td width="70%">Google Scholar, BASE, Crossref, OneSearch, Garuda, DRJI, Copernicus International, World Cat, Scilit, Dimensions</td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p align="justify"><strong>PaKMas (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat) </strong>merupakan jurnal yang didedikasikan untuk mempublikasi hasil-hasil kegiatan Pengabdian yang dilakukan oleh Mahasiswa, Dosen dan seluruh lapisan masyarakat yang bertujuan untuk menyebarluaskan hasil pemikiran dan gagasan konseptual, serta tentang kegiatan Pengabdian Masyarakat dengan berbagai potensi, hambatan, tantangan, dan permasalahan yang ada di lingkungan masyarakat.</p> <p align="justify"><strong>PaKMas (Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat) </strong>juga meliputi kegiatan pengabdian, seperti: bidang ilmu pengetahuan, sosial, ekonomi, kesehatan, budaya, terapan, pengembangan TIK, dan pelayanan administrasi. Serta pelatihan dan peningkatan hasil pendidikan, pertanian, informasi dan komunikasi, pengajaran, pemberdayaan komunitas (komunitas pelajar dan pemuda) dan organisasi masyarakat secara berkelanjutan. Jurnal PaKMas terbit 2 kali setahun pada bulan Mei dan November.</p> Yayasan Pendidikan Penelitian Pengabdian Algero en-US PaKMas: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat 2808-0920 Pemberdayakan Kompetensi Guru dalam Penguatan Model Pembelajaran Cooperative Learning Siswa di SDN Kenari 07 Pagi https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/104 <p><em>Cooperative Learning is a model of logic regarding the form, arrangement, magnitude and concepts related to each other. The concept is always related to everyday human life. Cooperative Learning in the form of Empowering Teacher Competencies in Strengthening Cooperative Learning Models Students not only increase curiosity but always develop according to the times, Cooperative Learning is a model that aims to instill and develop the learning process in teachers.</em> <em>Based on the results of observations at SDN Kenari 07 Pagi in the learning process, teachers still use conventional or teacher-centered teaching methods as information providers, with the literacy movement students are expected to improve the good quality of each problem-solving concept in the form of application questions.</em> <em>The purpose of this community service activity for PKM is Empowering Teacher Competence in Strengthening Cooperative Learning Learning Models is to increase knowledge which changes from time to time. The subjects of this community service are all students at SDN Kenari 07 Pagi.</em></p> Alberth Supriyanto Manurung Abdul Halim Ainur Rosyid Copyright (c) 2021 Alberth Manurung, Abdul Halim, Ainur Rosyid https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 249 255 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.104 Pemberdayaan UMKM Olahan Ikan Sebagai Upaya Peningkatan Pendapatan Keluarga https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/879 <p><em>The Micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) that have been proven to exist until now in Ampel Village, Wuluhan are business</em><em> that </em><em>sell </em><em>both </em><em>fresh </em><em>and processed fish</em><em>. This business</em><em> is</em><em> carried out from generation to generation in a simple way. Therefore, it is necessary to empower MSMEs to increase their income and business activities. The </em><em>used method is</em><em> counselling and mentoring for </em><em>merchant</em><em> and fish processors. </em><em>T</em><em>he activities </em><em>results are as followed</em><em>: (1) “BERKAH LANCAR SEJAHTERA” community of fish </em><em>merchants </em><em>and processors has been formed, but the number and activities are still limited. (2) The location of the community on </em><em>G</em><em>oogle maps, (3) Diversification of processed fish that has the potential to be developed in the form of shredded fish but is still constrained by marketing and infrastructure. Some of the community member products have implemented digital marketing by posting on social media (Facebook)</em> <em>and, (4) Food safety standards have not been fully implemented by merchants and fish processors. </em><em> However, t</em><em>hey have </em><em>willing</em><em> to carry out the correct method of food production </em><em>gradually </em><em>by their ability. The </em><em>proposed </em><em>suggestions are (1) community of fish </em><em>merchants</em><em> and processors can hold regular meetings, (2) </em><em>objectify</em><em> the </em><em>production</em><em> of processed products </em><em>which</em><em> more durable and </em><em>promote</em><em> them using online media, and (3) Apply </em><em>the whole</em><em> standard</em><em> and procedures of </em><em>food safety</em><em> product</em><em>, (4) Extend </em><em>the </em><em>time for MSMEs </em><em>mentoring to reach improvement of</em><em> MSMEs.</em></p> Ati Kusmiati Copyright (c) 2022 Ati Kusmiati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 256 264 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.879 Pengembangan Usaha Koperasi Agar dapat Mengenal Pasar dan Pesaing https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/966 <p><em>Cooperative business is certainly different from other types of financial companies, where the establishment process is based on principles, values, and norms that must be adhered to. Cooperative members are the owners of managed funds so that cooperatives must develop so that all members can enjoy the benefits which are ultimately aimed at the welfare of members. Developing cooperatives does not always run smoothly due to a lack of strategy or preparation. Cooperatives can run smoothly and develop if managed properly. The management of the duties of each member and the management of finances in the cooperative must be clear and neat. The types of strategies that can be chosen by cooperatives are broadly distinguished between corporate-level strategies and business unit-level strategies. The types of strategies that can be chosen at the corporate level include: single business, related business diversification, and unrelated business diversification or conglomeration. Meanwhile, the types of strategies that can be chosen at the business unit level include cost minimization, product differentiation, concentration on certain markets or a combination of the three. The problem experienced by the Mitra Armindo Jaya Cooperative is that the cooperative is relatively new, so it does not yet have an adequate understanding of cooperatives. The solutions offered in this activity, among others, provide an overview of how cooperative business development efforts are to be able to recognize the market and competitors so that existing business opportunities or opportunities can be utilized, and can overcome business obstacles that will interfere with the achievement of cooperative goals.</em></p> Dede Suleman Copyright (c) 2022 Dede Suleman https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 265 271 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.966 Demo Pastry Untuk Menciptakan Inovasi Ide Jualan Umkm di Kampung Bekelir Tangerang https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/979 <p><em>Bekelir village which was originally a slum village has now turned into an independent village. Starting from self-help of the village community to have a comfortable place to live, so a colorful village concept was created that can be seen today. The local government service, through the Environmental Service, gave permission to the village community through Pak Kholik as the head of the RW to sell on the banks of the Cisadane river. Due to information from the inhabitant of Bekelir Village where they were constrained by the idea of UMKM. UMKM Opportunity are given at a very low cost, namely Rp. 5000/Day will be profitable for inhabitant who will sell the produk. Therefore, this community service is carried out to provide the knowledge needed by the inhabitant of Bekelir Village. The training provided is how to make Putu Ayu Cake starting from the Mise en place process, the recipe used, the method used, the equipment needed and quality results. In addition, in this training, residents also received material on how to calculate production costs, determine selling prices and the profits to be obtained. It is hoped that this Community service will have a direct impact on improving the local economy.</em></p> Triandi Pradana Copyright (c) 2022 Triandi Pradana https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 272 278 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.979 Pengembangan Desa Sentral Kakao Berkelanjutan Melalui Penerapan Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1044 <p><em>Jambewangi Village is a village that is one of the focus locations for cocoa plantations according to the Banyuwangi Regency Agriculture Service. Cocoa production in Jambewangi Village is around ±500 kg/ha in 2019, far from the potential for superior cocoa production of ±2,000 kg/ha. The problem in Jambewangi Village is that cocoa plants are not the main crop in Jambewangi Village, this is because cocoa plants do not provide optimal benefits for the community (low productivity). Whereas Jambewangi Village is one of the people's cocoa centers in Banyuwangi Regency. When the service team conducted initial observations and interviews with Jambewangi cocoa farmers, several problems were found, namely that many cocoa pods were rotten by the fungus Phithopthora; leaves and fruit with lots of spots (attacked by Helopeltis pests), the condition of the garden is dirty and lush; and no rorak in the garden. This problem arises because farmers do not apply good and correct cultivation practices (GAP). The implementation of GAP will increase the productivity of cocoa plants, increasing productivity will improve the welfare of the Jambewangi community. The socialization program and the practice of implementing Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) for cocoa plants provide a stimulus to farmers to apply it in cocoa cultivation activities so that it is hoped that this can be a step to develop local potential and the surrounding community. Farmers in Jambewangi Village showed high enthusiasm for mastering the application of Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) including fertilizing, pruning and making rorak.</em></p> Muhammad Ghufron Rosyady Setiyono Setiyono Gatot Subroto Dyah Ayu Savitri Copyright (c) 2022 Muhammad Ghufron Rosyady, Setiyono, Gatot Subroto, Dyah Ayu Savitri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 279 283 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1044 Strategi Nilai Berita Kegiatan Vaksinasi Covid-19 Untuk Media Massa di Institut Ilmu Sosial dan Manajemen Stiami https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1121 <p><em>In order to maximize the prevention of the spread of the COVID-19 virus, the Government seeks to maximize and meet the target of the accelerated vaccination program. Mass vaccination is being intensified to make it easier for the public to access Covid-19 vaccination health services. However, this government activity program requires the support of adequate locations and facilities which include the availability of space and human resources. Universities are considered to be adequate facilities to accommodate government programs for Covid-19 vaccination activities. As one of the leading private universities in Bekasi City, the STIAMI Institute took part in the success of the government program. The university, which has a central campus in Jakarta, assessed that the Covid-19 Mass Vaccination activity could be collaborated with Community Service (PKM) activities. Community Service Activities are the obligations of Lecturers listed in the Tridharma of Higher Education. Utilizing the media relations network, the STIAMI Institute seeks to determine the value of news and package Covid-19 mass vaccination activities as an optimal publicity medium in marketing communications. Public Relations strategy by combining media relations and marketing communications is able to generate publicity ideas. The news value chosen to be an attraction for mass media coverage is "Dare to Vaccine Get a College Scholarship". The incessant publicity carried out by the STIAMI Institute is expected to be able to maintain its image and reputation in the eyes of the public, both potential customers, consumers, competitors and internal institutions.</em></p> Heru Sudinta Ecep Suwardani Yasa Iwan Irwansyah Copyright (c) 2022 Heru Sudinta, Ecep Suwardani Yasa, Iwan Irwansyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 284 290 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1121 Penyuluhan dan Pemanfaatan Lahan Bengkok Untuk Budidaya Tanaman Cabai Rawit di Desa Cipinang https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1185 <p><em>One area with a large enough land area is Cipinang Village, Beber District, Cirebon Regency. However, as development progresses, Cipinang Village is getting denser over time, and less area will be used for agricultural land. The more the population increases, the greater the demand for food. In order to meet the growing family food supply, every household should have one or more food crops or vegetables for consumption. Therefore, it is necessary to hold outreach activities to the community about the use of narrow land for the cultivation of food crops and vegetables. The purpose of this service is to provide awareness to the community about the importance of utilizing land as well as good cultivation practices based on lectures. The method used is socialization and demonstration plots starting from nurseries to transplanting. The targets of this counseling are housewives and the Cipinang village community. The extension workers in this case are KKN students who carry out counseling and chili planting practices by utilizing village land (Bengkok). The output of this activity is expected that the community can absorb knowledge and practice cayenne pepper planting activities in their yards in order to create food self-sufficiency.</em></p> Chindy Maelani Devi Sandi Nasrudin Wibowo Copyright (c) 2022 Chindy Maelani Devi, Sandi Nasrudin Wibowo https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 291 296 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1185 Sosialisasi Manajemen Bumdes di Desa Uwedikan Kecamatan Luwuk Timur https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1200 <p><em>This community service is entitled: "Socialization of Management of Village Owned Enterprises (BUMDes)" which was carried out in Uwedikan Village, East Luwuk District, Banggai Regency, Central Sulawesi Province. The purpose of this service is to increase knowledge about bumdes management for the uwedikan bumdes management in particular and the uwedikan community in general. This activity is a socialization involving students participating in real work lectures at the University of Muhammadiyah Luwuk Posko Luwuk City. The method of implementing this service activity uses counseling about the socialization of bumdes management which consists of 4 (four) stages, namely: 1). Socialization stage, 2). preparation stage and 3). Implementation stage and 4). Evaluation stage. The result of the implementation of community service activities regarding the socialization of bumdes management is the transfer of knowledge to the bumdes management so that it becomes the basis for managing bumdes to be better, develop and advance in the future so that it can become one of the sources of village finance, namely village original income. The conclusion is the result of the implementation of community service activities regarding the socialization of bumdes management to increase knowledge as a provision in managing the bumdes to be better, while the suggestion is that this socialization can be continued by the community by strengthening the bumdes institution, so as to increase new economic resources for the Uwedikan village community. and the results of this socialization are very useful so that it can be applied by the bumdes management in the Uwedikan village.</em></p> Siswadi Sululing Yanti Mutalib Copyright (c) 2022 Siswadi Sululing, Yanti Mutalib https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 297 304 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1200 Upaya Pembinaan Akhlaqul Karimah Bagi Para Remaja Islam pada Dayah Ar-Raudhah Tahfizh Al-Qur’an Kecamatan Blang Mangat Kota Lhokseumawe, Aceh-Indonesia https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1257 <p><em>The purpose of this community service research is to find out the efforts to develop Akhlaqul Karimah for Islamic youth in Dayah Ar-Raudhah</em> <em>Tahfizh Al-qur'an, Blang Mangat District, LhokseumaweAceh-Indonesia, including interviews</em><em>, discussion, problem solving, exemplary, habituation, advice, and describing the obstacles that affect Ar-Raudhah Tahfizh Al-qur'an, Blang Mangat District, Lhokseumawe City.</em> <em>The subjects in this study were 610 Haizh. While the object of research is 15 Hafizh. The method used is coaching and education.</em> <em>Obstacles that affect the development and education of Islamic youth morality in Dayah Ar-Raudhah Tahfizh Ak-Qur'an are the willingness of some students who are still unfamiliar, the personalities of some students are different and the environment of facilities and infrastructure is still limited.</em></p> Diauddin Diauddin Subki Subki Copyright (c) 2022 Diauddin, Subki https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 305 309 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1257 Perancangan Manajemen Bumdes dalam Meningkatkan Perekonomian Desa di Desa Beji Kecamatan Kedungbanteng Kabupaten Banyumas https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1260 <p><em>The existence of Law Number 6 of 2014 concerning Villages makes the village a strategic autonomous region. This can be a challenge for the village to take advantage of all the potential that exists, especially in improving the economy of the community. BUMDes is one of the efforts to improve the village economy. BUMDes is considered a business entity that supports the village economy if it is managed properly. But in reality, BUMDes in Indonesia are still far from expectations. The problem that often arises is in the management of BUMDes itself, especially in Beji Village, Kedungbanteng District, Banyumas Regency. The service method used is a focus group discussion (FGD) technique where the method uses qualitative data collection conducted by means of interviews guided by a moderator. The results shown are the response and support for every aspect, namely from the village government, community leaders and the general public. This is the first step and strategy in stimulating the community to achieve the goals of this service. The Beji Village BUMDes management design has begun to be initiated again with more professional and credible management so that the functions and roles of BUMDes can run according to the expectations of all parties. This is indicated by the re-recruitment of BUMDes managers in accordance with the standards. In addition, Beji Village BUMDes management has been systematized and structured, starting from the preparation of BUMDes planning, BUMDes management to BUMDes reporting and accountability forms.</em></p> Suryoto Suryoto Oti Kusumaningsih Devit Bagus Indranika Anggara Setya Saputra Ranjani Ranjani Copyright (c) 2022 Suryoto, Oti Kusumaningsih, Devit Bagus Indranika, Anggara Setya Saputra, Ranjani Ranjani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 310 316 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1260 Pembelajaran Tentang Tugas dan Wewenang Bagi Penjaga Perlintasan Sebidang dengan Jalan Raya https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1264 <p><em>Learning is a knowledge transfer process involving the system in the education world: teachers/educators, students, materials, goals, and tools. The purpose of this education and training is to transfer and share knowledge and experience between instructors and training participants regarding the duties and authorities of crossing guards on a railroad plot with a highway. The method used is face-to-face learning with 2 JP or 100 minutes. The teacher gives a questionnaire that the training participants fill out. The questionnaire contains the latest education, work area, and 13 (thirteen) questions related to the duties and authorities of a level crossing guard with a highway. The results of the questionnaire obtained that there were still 6 participants whose total percentage of answers was still below 60%, and there were still 14 participants whose percentage of responses was still below 70%. There are 5 participants whose answer percentage is 100%. Based on this, learning is still needed to increase the knowledge and competence of each individual because safety at level crossings is an absolute thing. After all, it is related to the safety of lives and objects of road users who pass at level crossings.</em></p> Dhina Setyo Oktaria Arief Darmawan Handoko Handoko Balla Wahyu Budiarto Copyright (c) 2022 Dhina Setyo Oktaria, Arief Darmawan, Handoko, Balla Wahyu Budiarto https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 317 325 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1264 Sosialisasi dan Strategi Personal Selling Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Iain Palangkaraya dalam Kondisi Pandemi Covid-19 https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1193 <p><em>COVID-19 has hit the world and has had a major effect on all activities and sectors of the community's economy in the world. This impact also affects state universities' ability to recruit new students, so it requires a strategy to be able to compete with other universities. This research was conducted to determine the strategy carried out by the Faculty of Economics and Business at the Islamic State University of Palangka</em><em> R</em><em>aya to attract new students using descriptive-qualitative methods. Data to support this research is sourced from primary data obtained through interviews with the parties concerned and </em><a href="https://en.bab.la/dictionary/english-indonesian/source"><em>s</em></a><em>econdary data obtained from various data and documents. This research refers to the theory of personal selling strategies, which includes four strategy processes, namely: attention stage, interest stage, desire stage, and action stage, based on the results of interviews, observations, and other data collection. The results of this socialization show that the campus in accordance with its strategy of netting new students is applying an excellent process.</em></p> Sofyan Hakim Arif Mubarok Hilmi Satria Himawan Hanief Monady Copyright (c) 2022 Sofyan Hakim, Arif Mubarok, Hilmi Satria Himawan, Hanief Monady https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 326 331 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1193 Usaha Meningkatkan Komitmen dan Kinerja ASN Pemkot Kupang Melalui Motivasi Kerja https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1258 <p><em>The purpose of community service activities (PkM) is to educate and train State Civil Apparatus (ASN) to have knowledge and skills in evaluating and reconstructing efforts to increase ASN commitment and performance through motivation. Focus group discussions (FGD) and workshops are technical tools to implement this PkM. The main partner of this PkM activity is the ASN of the Kupang City Government which is determined by purposive sampling and quota sampling techniques. PkM participants were 28 people. The SWOT analysis is the basis for PkM education and training to participants. The success of this PkM activity is that participants are educated and have the knowledge and skills in evaluating and reconstructing strategies to increase commitment and performance through motivation. The reconstruction of the strategy is to strengthen the understanding base of the state civil apparatus through continuous knowledge management related to the principles of basic duties as government employees, considering compensation in terms of increasing commitment and performance by cutting the budget for activities that are disproportionate and dual functions so that it can be transferred to employee compensation, and enforced an integrity pact-based performance that will discipline employees at work.</em></p> Jefirstson Richset Riwukore Copyright (c) 2022 Jefirstson Richset Riwukore https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 332 339 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1258 Pelatihan Web Log Sebagai Media Publikasi Sekolah dan Kegiatan Belajar Mengajar di SDN 1 Ngampel https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1267 <p><em>The pandemic makes the utilization and competition of information and communication technology has increased. One of the ways to maintain the existence of schools are publication media of more varied school information and teaching-learning activities media. The purpose of this training program is to provide additional expertise for creating inexpensive and fast publications media and teaching-learning media. The offered solution is the use of web logs from Google which is often known as Blogger. Blogger offers a free and easy web log feature. The training was carried out directly at the Sekolah Dasar Negeri 1 Ngampel by using lectures and demonstrations method. There are several parts in this training, web log making, web log management, and also web log analysis. The results of this training show that the participants have succeeded in having their own web logs which are ready to be further managed and analyzed on a regular basis. The use of web logs can be used for various needs, including as a publication media and supporting teaching-learning activities.</em></p> Moch Yusuf Asyhari Juwari Juwari Abdul Rozaq Kelik Sussolaikah Copyright (c) 2022 Moch Yusuf Asyhari, Juwari, Abdul Rozaq, Kelik Sussolaikah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 340 346 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1267 Pengembangan Inovasi Kemasan Produk Untuk Meningkatkan Daya Tarik Umkm Wedang Jahe di Desa Sidodadi Asri https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1268 <p><em>This community service activity aims to solve the problems MSMEs face in home industrial products in Sidodadi Asri Village, Jati Agung District, South Lampung Province, by assisting MSMEs in developing product packaging designs. The rationale for the priority themes is to raise awareness of packaging through research on the importance of packaging, development of appropriate technology, and marketing networks to improve the competitiveness of processed products for the small business cottage industry. It was developed by optimizing potential through community empowerment that enhances the village of Sidodadi Asri. Envisioning how to implement problem-solving begins with coordination between the village chief and his MSME owner. The output that will be generated from community service activities is the right technology, in the form of packaging design and a high level of understanding of the importance of packaging through training in packaging development with shaping product brands and labels, creating innovative, engaging solutions and modern packaging. And also how to promote it through social media like Whatsapp and Instagram so that it is said to provide benefits for MSMEs to independently expand product distribution and independent use of e-commerce and social media as a means of promotion and sales marketing</em><em>.</em></p> Rico Elhando Badri Cahyani Pratisti Anandha Sartika Putri Copyright (c) 2022 Rico Elhando Badri, Cahyani Pratisti, Anandha Sartika Putri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 347 353 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1268 Pendidikan Kesehatan Tentang Pencegahan Penularan Covid-19 Bagi Siswa Sekolah Dasar https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1269 <p><em>During the Covid-19 pandemic, the government set various policies to prevent transmission. The use of masks, practicing a clean and healthy lifestyle, and limiting distance and even Large-Scale Social Restrictions are the efforts that have been set. However, many violations are still being committed, including school children who have had face-to-face meetings (PTM) at school. Disobedience to implementing health protocols can be caused by a lack of knowledge. This health education activity is about preventing the spread of Covid-19. Activities are carried out offline when students do PTM at Bojong 01 Elementary School, Majalaya District, Bandung Regency, totaling 44 students. The results of this activity showed that there was an increase in students' knowledge about preventing the transmission of Covid-19 by 5.45% from previous knowledge so that it became 88.18%. Good knowledge about preventing the transmission of Covid-19 can be a strengthening basis for the formation of a healthy lifestyle. In conclusion, students' knowledge about preventing the transmission of Covid-19 increased after being given health education. Suggestions, the next study is an effort to increase students' positive attitudes so that they can form good behavior in preventing the transmission of Covid-19.</em></p> Taty Hernawaty Arlette Puspa Pertiwi Wiwi Mardiyah Hadi Suprapto Arifin Copyright (c) 2022 Taty Hernawaty, Arlette Puspa Pertiwi, Wiwi Mardiyah, Hadi Suprapto Arifin https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 354 358 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1269 Penggunaan Aplikasi Mendeley Untuk Peningkatan Kualitas Riset Akuntansi https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1270 <p><em>The purpose of this community service activity is to introduce lecturers and students to the importance of citations in scientific papers that can be poured into theses, theses, dissertations and even scientific articles. The activity method is applied by three methods, namely the lecture method, the practice method, and the evaluation method. The participants of the activity came from several lecturers and students in Pontianak totaling 12 participants with a time of 2.5 hours. The activity is carried out with an introduction to the citation of scientific papers and the importance of citations, especially in accounting research topics so that the citations taken are in accordance with the needs and lead to the field of accounting science itself. Then proceed with the process of explaining the understanding and use of mendeley. The results of this activity explained that all participants felt helped and could understand the process of using the mendeley application to improve the quality of accounting research. The weakness in this activity is that it takes more time for some participants who are slow to use the laptop or lack high mastery of the laptop. This activity is expected to have sustainability with an understanding of several models of writing forms needed according to needs.</em></p> Hengky Leon Novianty Novianty Copyright (c) 2022 Hengky Leon, Novianty https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 359 366 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1270 Pengembangan Relationship Capital Pelaku UKM Agro di Kabupaten Donggala https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1292 <p><em>One challenge in developing SMEs is still weak access to financial institutions and markets, making it difficult for SMEs to develop. The difficulty of access to financial resources will have an impact on limited business expansion which will result in a weak capacity to expand business volume. On the other hand, weak market access also has an impact on the small market controlled by SMEs which has an impact on small product demand growth. The weakness factor that sticks to SMEs is mainly access to business development. This service program aims to strengthen understanding of the importance of relationship capital for the development of agro-businesses in Tamarenja Village, Donggala Regency. In this community service activity, lecture, question and answer, and discussion methods are used. This training activity is focused on Agro business management training through strengthening business networks. There are three stages in the implementation method, namely the preparation stage, the implementation stage and the evaluation stage. The result of this activity is that agro-business actors in Tamarenja Village can be developed on a wider scale considering the current large market such as opening access for IKN (National Capital City), the growth of the Morowali industrial area, strengthening the Togean tourism industry and growing demand in the local market.</em></p> Djayani Nurdin Asngadi Asngadi Husnah Husnah Muh. Yunus Kasim Mohammad Ega Nugraha Copyright (c) 2022 Djayani Nurdin, Asngadi, Husnah, Muh. Yunus Kasim, Mohammad Ega Nugraha https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 367 373 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1292 Pengembangan Praktek Mengajar Pendidikan Kewirausahaan pada Masa Covid-19 Menggunakan Aplikasi Google Classroom https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1294 <p><em>The purpose of this activity is to introduce new tools that will help educators to be more effective in learning. In a review of the theory, framework and model of eLearning, Mayes and de Freitas especially that it is important to explain about the assumptions that build e-learning design, they claim that in fact there is no specific model for e-learning, only an improvement of the existing learning model that uses e-learning. technology to achieve better learning outcomes. Google Classroom is one of the free services by Google package within Gsuite for Education. This training was carried out for teachers in the fields of economics and entrepreneurship throughout Aceh online via Zoom meetings. It promotes paperless instruction to streamline tasks, can improve collaboration and communication to make teaching more productive and meaningful. Google Classroom can be easily deployed at the URL classroom.google.com, educators can set up classes in minutes and create content for students. He is also free to school, best in class security is also included at no cost to plan holders. The platform also integrates with other Google tools to help educators provide feedback and track progress to improve performance, it also has a mobile app for easy access anytime and anywhere.</em></p> Nazaruddin Ali Basyah Copyright (c) 2022 Nazaruddin Ali Basyah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 374 378 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1294 Digitalisasi Marketing Bagi Pelaku UMKM Kabupaten Blitar https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1300 <p><em>The purpose of community service through this Doctoral Service Grant is to help market MSME products assisted by the Blitar Regency Livestock and Fisheries Service through the Triple-Helix model with the concept of e-commerce. The expected result is to expand the market of assisted MSME products in Blitar Regency produced by OPS Cooperative, Srikandi Kitchen, MuZa Smoked Salted Eggs and AKBest (Akademi Komunitas Negeri Putra Sang Fajar Blitar). The location of community service activities will be carried out in Blitar Regency from May to August 2022. The steps of the activity are: 1. Coordination to establish triple-helix cooperation 2. Improving the product image of MSMEs 3. Provide counseling on market share, knowing desires and recognizing potential customers 4. Providing online processed product promotion facilities 5. Providing skills about online transactions and the Canva application The result that has been obtained during the activity process is that parties in the triple-helix model can coordinate so that MSMEs are always informed of government programs. Canva application training and social media creation assistance can improve the product image of MSMEs and then also provide skills about market share, and potential consumers in addition to online transactions. The continuation of the program is still needed for assistance in order to maintain business motivation and improve product quality.</em></p> Siti Azizah Irfan H. Djunaidi Diah Priharsari Mas Ayu Ambayoen Siti Hamidah Copyright (c) 2022 Siti Azizah, Irfan H. Djunaidi, Diah Priharsari, Mas Ayu Ambayoen, Siti Hamidah https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 379 385 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1300 Pendampingan Penyaluran Zakat pada Para Peternak Lebah Madu di Desa Joho Kediri https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1179 <p><em>An in-depth study of the perspective of beekeepers in the Village</em> <em>Joho towards zakat becomes very urgent. Because in general research</em> <em>about honey zakat only tends to the naqli arguments and ijtihad of the scholars</em> <em>without involving the farmers themselves who in this case are the main actors</em> <em>in honey zakat. From the description above, it can be formulated the research problem as:</em> <em>the following (1) How is the process and management of honey in Joho Village? (2) How</em> <em>the perspective of beekeepers on the obligation of zakat honey in Joho Village?</em> <em>This type of research is qualitative with a phenomenological approach. Source</em> <em>primary data, namely honey farmers in Joho Village with data collection</em> <em>in the form of in-depth interviews, observations and documentation which are then</em> <em>analysis using data codification, data presentation, and withdrawal methods</em> <em>conclusion/verification. The results of the study, namely (1) the process and governance in producing</em> <em>honey for beekeepers is by looking at the weather conditions. Because</em> <em>weather conditions have serious consequences on bee stamina and flower growth,</em> <em>where these two things affect the scale of honey income for farmers</em> <em>bee. (2) two according to the perspective of the honey beekeeper community in Joho . Village</em> <em>that, the obligation of zakat honey is considered not an obligation that must be carried out.</em> <em>They consider honey is not something that must be zakat.</em> <em>However, the habit that occurs there is that the breeders give</em> <em>part of the honey harvest to the local community. The gift</em> <em>considered as a form of gratitude for the harvest obtained. There the farmers</em> <em>The majority of Joho Village honey distributes their harvested honey when</em> <em>the results are abundant, so the concept is alms.</em></p> Ahmad Muthi' Uddin Gusti Ramadani Moh. Miftahul Choiri Copyright (c) 2022 Ahmad Muthi' Uddin, Gusti Ramadani, Moh. Miftahul Choiri https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 386 390 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1179 Pelatihan Pengendalian Internal dan Sistem Informasi Perusahaan Bagi Karyawan PT Sarwa Inspirasi Konstruksi https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1202 <p><em>The purpose of this training activity is to provide broader understanding, knowledge, and insight to employees and management of the company regarding proper internal control and information systems within the company in order to minimize risk and maximize the company’s performance. This training activity is carried out using the lecture method. Participants of this training activity came from the employees and management of PT Sarwa Inspirasi Konstruksi, Pontianak, West Borneo. The number of participants for this training is 10 (person) participants. This training activity went very well because of the good cooperation and coordination of the various parties involved. This training activity is expected to have a positive contribution and impact on the development of the company in the future, both in terms of understanding of employees and company management regarding internal control and good information systems within the company so that the company can develop towards a better direction, more efficient and effective in carrying out the company's operational activities as well as minimizing the risks that may arise and can cause losses in the company.</em></p> Thomas Averio Ricky Ricky Copyright (c) 2022 Thomas Averio, Ricky https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 391 397 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1202 Sosialisasi Penguatan dan Pengembangan Kabupaten/Kota Layak Anak di Kabupaten Pasaman Barat https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1243 <p><em>Socialization of Child Friendly Regency/City Development (KLA) is one form of government program activities in fulfilling children's rights. The socialization was carried out in the West Pasaman Region, initiated by the Office of Women's Empowerment, Child Protection, Population Control and Family Planning (DP3AP2KB) of West Sumatra Province. This activity aims to socialize Child Friendly Schools as one of the prerequisites for achieving Child Friendly Districts. This socialization method uses interactive lectures and discussions with DPRD members as well as all high school and vocational school principals in West Pasaman Regency and related local government organizations. The presentation shows that the socialization participants are very enthusiastic in asking questions and actively conducting discussions. Participants were given explanations regarding 24 indicators, namely; KLA local regulations, institutionalized KLA, community involvement (business and media), birth certificates, child-friendly information, child participation, consultation institutions for parents or families, alternative supervision institutions, child-friendly infrastructure, health facilities, prevalence of nutrition, PMBA, child-friendly health facilities, drinking water and sanitation, non-smoking areas, PAUD-HI, normal 12 years old, SRA, PKA, victims of violence and exploitation, victims of pornography and emergency situations, persons with disabilities and children with disabilities, stigma. The conclusion of this paper is that to achieve KLA, commitment from various related parties is needed</em>.</p> Irwan Irwan Enceria Damanik Yenni Melia Elvawati Elvawati Latifah Izzatul Jannah Gebi Cahyani Lubis Copyright (c) 2022 Irwan Irwan, Enceria Damanik, Yenni Melia, Elvawati Elvawati , Latifah Izzatul Jannah, Gebi Cahyani Lubis https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 398 403 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1243 Penetapan Harga pada Pedagang Ayam Potong di Pasar Tradisional Kota Tembilahan https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1279 <p><em>The purpose of this study was to analyze and describe why the pricing of broiler chicken traders in the traditional market of Tembilahan City has different prices. The research method uses a qualitative approach with the type of case study. Data was collected by observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analysis using John's model. W. Creswell, Miles and Huberman namely data reduction, data presentation, data verification, and drawing conclusions. Checking the validity of the data using data triangulation. The results of the study found that the different price fixing between the teak market, the Parit 11 market, the morning market, and the floating market in Tembilahan City were caused by; First, the profit per kilogram of broiler chicken differs from one market to another, so that the selling price is different even though the location is not far away and the producers of chicken are the same, the two consumer backgrounds in each market are not the same, namely the class society. low-income and high-class people, so that slaughtered chickens are still sold even at prices that are not the same from one market to another, the three strategic locations in one market and a less strategic location affect the price fixing by market traders.</em></p> Supyani Supyani Nazori Madjid Habriyanto Habriyanto Bahrul Ma’ani Copyright (c) 2022 Supyani, Nazori Madjid, Habriyanto, Bahrul Ma’ani https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 404 412 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1279 Pemberdayaan UMKM Melalui Digital Marketing dan Branding Produk pada UMKM Kerupuk Desa Bambayang Sukabumi. https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1287 <p><em>This community service was carried out at Barokah Crackers UMKM, Bambayang Village, Cicurug District, Sukabumi Regency. This activity aims to empower MSMEs and provide knowledge and provide training to business actors in increasing competitiveness in this era of globalization. Because currently the economic condition has kept up with the times that all use digital in their business, but many MSMEs do not take advantage of it because they are unfamiliar with using electronics so that MSMEs are unable to compete with other products that are all online. The problem faced by Kerupuk Barokah SMEs is that there is no use of digital marketing in promoting their products and there is no implementation of branding . Digital marketing training, creating social media accounts and making packaging brand labels are expected to help MSMEs introduce their products to consumers to increase their competitiveness so that marketing can be carried out effectively and efficiently. In addition, training in recording financial reports is expected to help MSMEs become more informed about the calculation of the profit to be obtained and the estimated capital to be issued.</em></p> Nispi Yani Sya'banniah Shafa Shafiyyah Rahmatul Umma Ingka Andriani Muhamad Fachmi Ramadhan Erni Yuningsih Copyright (c) 2022 Nispi Yani Sya'banniah, Shafa Shafiyyah Rahmatul Umma, Ingka Andriani, Muhamad Fachmi Ramadhan, Erni Yuningsih https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 413 419 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1287 Psikoedukasi Mengatasi Kecanduan Gadget pada Anak https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1311 <p><em>Gadget users in general and smartphones in particular are growing rapidly in Indonesia, including children. The purpose of this service is to provide information regarding the impact of gadgets and strategies for using gadgets on children to minimize the impact of excessive gadget use on children. The service method used is to carry out psychoeducation for parents so that parents know how to deal with gadget disturbances in children. The results of the service show that with psychoeducation, parents obtain information related to the characteristics of child development, children's motives for playing gadgets, strategies for using gadgets in children so that children can use gadgets for positive purposes. Thus, it can be concluded that psychoeducation can have an effect on increasing parental knowledge regarding strategies for using gadgets in children. The suggestion for the implementation of further dedication is that parents are involved not only mothers, but fathers are also involved because the effectiveness of gadget management strategies for children requires discipline. for all family members at home.</em></p> Novita Maulidya Jalal Rahmawati Syam St.Hadjar Nurul Istiqamah Irdianti Irdianti Muhrajan Piara Copyright (c) 2022 Novita Maulidya Jalal, Rahmawati Syam, St.Hadjar Nurul Istiqamah, Irdianti, Muhrajan Piara https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 420 426 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1311 Psikoedukasi Mengatasi Toxic Parenting Bagi Remaja https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1312 <p><em>The presence of a child is the biggest and most beautiful gift for every parent. Parents in a family have an obligation to provide all needs including basic needs to their children. Parents raise their children with certain patterns, including parents who raise authoritarian, democratic or permissive patterns. children, manage children at will without caring if children also have the right to their own lives. The implementation of this service is carried out by the lecture method. Through a psychoeducation program on toxic parenting for adolescents, it shows that participants understand and add insight regarding definitions, factors that cause toxic parenting, impacts, and strategies for dealing with toxic parenting with a more positive attitude, and strategies for managing the impact of the relationship between parents and the participants themselves. The results of this service show that the youth participants gained knowledge of the definition of toxic parenting, the factors that influence the formation of toxic parenting, the impact of toxic parenting on adolescents, and strategies for dealing with toxic parenting. Based on the results of the service, it is recommended to provide psychoeducation for adolescents so that adolescents can be better able to deal with toxic parenting with more positive strategies.</em></p> Novita Maulidya Jalal Rahmawati Syam St.Hadjar Nurul Istiqamah Wilda Ansar Ismalandari Ismail Copyright (c) 2022 Novita Maulidya Jalal, Rahmawati Syam, St.Hadjar Nurul Istiqamah, Wilda Ansar, Ismalandari Ismail https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 427 433 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1312 Reuse Upcycling Sebagai Wujud Peduli Lingkungan Warga Sekolah di SD Islam Cendekia Kota Bukittinggi https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1148 <p><em>The purpose of implementing service activities is to provide knowledge, skills and experience about reuse upcycling as a form of environmental care for school residents to reduce waste in the school environment, this is also a contributor to waste. Also consider reducing waste, it is also necessary to pay attention to the aesthetic side and have good usability. The method used in this community service activity is the lecture method and practice/demonstration. The lecture method was carried out to deliver material on environmental impacts related to the amount of waste in the form of used cardboard, used flannel, leftover yarn, used plastic bags, and used tires. An explanation of how to make upcycling reuse to utilize used goods. The method of practice/demonstration is carried out to provide examples of the process of making reuse upcycling starting from making a toga garden and making a reading garden. The results of these training activities are (1) The implementation of training activities on making a toga garden using flower pots that can still be utilized by painting and using used tires as a garden medium in the school yard as a reuse upcycle, (2) School residents are trained in gardening read by reusing upcycling using used cardboard, used flannel, leftover yarn, used plastic bags, and old tires to extend the life with high creativity. Based on the evaluation of the process, 100% of participants' attendance during the training was met. Meanwhile, based on the results of the practice, 80% of the participants were able to make a toga garden and a reading garden well, have good usability and creativity.</em></p> Nefilinda Nefilinda Salsa Agra Siwi Copyright (c) 2022 Nefilinda, Salsa Agra Siwi https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 434 442 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1148 Pelatihan Mengidentifikasi Kesulitan Belajar Siswa Anak Yang Berhadapan dengan Hukum Selama Pandemi Covid-19 https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1284 <p><em>This paper will present a research process on learning models for children who faced the law during the pandemic at the Children's Penitentiary. The Covid-19 pandemic is haunting people's lives around the world, including learning activities, especially for children. Teachers, are required to remain present in classes with strict health protocols, so there is no difference before and during a pandemic. The difference demanded is the model and method of learning that must vary so that students can remain focused, not bored, and remember the lessons. Teachers must be able to understand the circumstances and needs of students well. The learning model the author offers is a therapeutic model. The learning model offered in community service activities is a therapeutic model. This activity applies descriptive analysis method. At the beginning, the teacher tried one participant who was selected because of his extreme behavior. Based on the pictures that student made, and what the student wrote, then analyzed the teachers who had been trained using the data on the difficulties experienced by the participants as the basis for forming a teaching model according to the circumstances of the students.</em></p> Moses Glorino Rumambo Pandin Christinawati Christinawati Copyright (c) 2022 Moses Glorino Rumambo Pandin, Christinawati https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 443 451 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1284 Perancangan Sistem Informasi Pemesanan Tiket Bus pada PT. Putra Pelangi Perkasa https://journal.yp3a.org/index.php/pakmas/article/view/1323 <p><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;"><em>PT.</em> </span><em style="font-size: 0.875rem;">Putra Pelangi Perkasa is one of the companies engaged in AKAP (Inter-City Inter-Provincial) passenger transportation services. In supporting its business, the company has a website-based information system, namely https://www.putrapelangi.com/. However, the website currently used by the company is only specifically used for internal companies. Customers who will order tickets are still done conventionally by visiting the company counter directly so that this process is very ineffective and efficient. Therefore, by designing a website-based information system for ordering bus tickets for PT. Putra Pelangi Perkasa can solve problems in the current system. This system was designed using Balsamiq Mockups 3 and the Unified Modeling Language (UML) system modeling using the Laravel framework. The method of testing this system is black-box and the results of the study show that the bus ticket booking information system that was built is very effective and efficient for use in ordering bus tickets because of the search, ordering, payment, cancellation of bus tickets, and seeing the available seat plans. visualization of the system being built.</em></p> Yudhistira Adhitya Pratama Jefri Junifer Pangaribuan Okky Putra Barus Faisal Nadjar Sherin Karisa Copyright (c) 2022 Yudhistira Adhitya Pratama, Jefri Pangaribuan Pangaribuan, Okky Putra Barus, Faisal Nadjar, Sherin Karisa https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2022-11-30 2022-11-30 2 2 452 460 10.54259/pakmas.v2i2.1323